What should be in a first aid kit?

Keep a first aid kit readily available in your home, cottage, car, boat, workplace, and recreation area. Store it in a dry place and replace used or outdated contents regularly. Below is a list of suggested contents for a general purpose first aid kit.


A first aid kit should contain the following:

  • Emergency telephone numbers for EMS/9-1-1, your local poison control centre, and your personal doctors
  • Home and office phone numbers for family members, friends, or neighbours who can help
  • Pressure Dressings 5×9 with elastic ties
  • Sterile gauze pads (dressings) 3×3 and 4×4 squares to place over wounds
  • Non Adhering Sterile Pads 3×4
  • 6×8 ABD Pads (absorbant pads)
  • 8×10 ADB Pads (absorbant pads)
  • Adhesive tape (cloth) 1″
  • Roller Bandage Conforming Gauze Wrap 3″
  • Roller Bandage Conforming Gauze Wrap 4″
  • Roller Bandage Crepe or Tensor
  • Triangular bandages at least 6 to hold dressings in place or to make an arm sling
  • Adhesive bandages in assorted sizes
  • Butterfly Closures
  • Heavy Duty Utility Scissors (the kind that can cut pennies)
  • Bandage Scissors
  • Tweezers (good ones)
  • Safety pins
  • Instant ice packs
  • Disposable non-latex gloves, such as surgical or examination gloves
  • Pen light with extra batteries
  • Antiseptic wipes or soap (Benzalkonium Chloride or Savlon)
  • Pencil and note pad
  • Emergency blanket
  • Eye patches
  • Thermometer
  • Aspirin (325 mg – not coated, buffered or time release) for heart attack or pain relief
  • Pocket Mask
  • Coins for pay phone
  • Canadian Red Cross first aid manual


Emergency Supplies Kit

Have supplies ready for an emergency. Store them in a backpack or a duffle bag so you can take them with you if you have to evacuate the area.

  • Four litres of water per person per day (use sealed, unbreakable containers and replace the supply every six months)
  • Packaged or canned food that won’t go bad, and a can opener (replace the food once a year)
  • Walking shoes, rain gear, and a change of clothing
  • Blankets or sleeping bags
  • A first aid kit and prescription medications (check the medications every six months to make sure they haven’t passed their expiry date)
  • Toilet paper and other personal supplies
  • An extra pair of glasses
  • A battery-powered radio and flashlight, along with extra batteries
  • Spare cash
  • An extra set of car keys
  • A list of your family doctors
  • Important family information such as a list of any medical conditions or medical devices, such as pacemakers
  • Photocopies of all important identification for you and your family, including health card numbers
  • Special items for babies, elderly, or disabled household members
  • Cell phone and contact information for family and friends

Emergency Car Kit

Keep an emergency kit in your car.

  • A battery-powered radio and flashlight, with extra batteries
  • A blanket
  • Booster (jumper) cables
  • A fire extinguisher
  • A Canadian Red Cross first aid kit and manual
  • Bottled water and high-energy foods that won’t go bad (replace the water every six months and the food once a year)
  • Maps of the area
  • A shovel
  • Flares
  • A tire repair kit and pump
  • Matches and a “survival” candle in a deep can that will burn for many hours
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